The Art Project: Scratch Art


This art project is based on Albrecht Durer's "Rhinoceros". We will learn how to do Scratch Art and fill our design with pattern, just like Durer did on his woodcut of the rhino.

MATERIALS NEEDED: White paper (construction paper works best), regular sheets of paper for sketching ideas of design and pattern, crayons (the thicker ones work better for this project), a toothpick or paper clip (something not too sharp), and newspaper to cover your working area.

STEP 1
Take your white construction paper and use crayons in all shapes and patterns, until you cover all of your paper and there is no white showing. Use Red, Yellow,
Orange, Blue, Green, all your favorite colors EXCEPT Brown or Black. Note: Through out the project you will have bits of crayon that will come off, you need to shake them off your paper and newspaper as they build up.

STEP 2
When you are finished covering all of your paper with crayons, take a Black crayon and go over the entire paper lightly, covering all of the colors you just did, so that there is hardly any colors showing through (Parents may want to help with this if child is under 7 yrs. old).

STEP 3 
Go over the black area again so that it's covered all in Black. You may have to put some pressure with the crayon on some places. This takes a bit of time, so be patient and take a break if you feel you need to as it is hard work, but it’s worth it. A Parent can help you too.

Note: Some speckles of color will show through even when you are done.

STEP 4
On another piece of paper (the same size as your scratch art paper you just did) draw your design. You can do an animal, people or a shape, whatever you like. It does not have to be perfect, so do not worry about mistakes showing on your paper and erasing them, as you will not be using this paper on your final artwork. Make it simple and just the outline of the object. You can even trace a picture from a coloring book that you have if you wish.

STEP 5
When you are happy with your design cut around the outline of the design. In this sample I made a heart since it will be Valentine's Day soon.


XOXOXOXOXOXOXO

OXOXOXOXOXOXOX

XOXOXOXOXOXOXO

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123123123123123123
123123123123123123
123123123123123123


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/0/0/0/0/0/0/0/0/0/0
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ABCABCABCABCABC
ABCABCABCABCABC
ABCABCABCABCABC  

STEP 6
Place your cut out design on top of your scratch art paper and with your toothpick (or the end of a paper clip) trace around the outline of your design gently so that the paper will not rip). You will see all the pretty colors showing through as you trace your design. Make your outline about 1/8" thick. If you scratched a line you don’t like, just cover it with a Black crayon and try it again.

STEP 7
Take another piece of paper and practice making patterns that you like. See some of our examples of pattern. (Use your imagination to come up with some patterns of your own!)

STEP 8
When you have several patterns that you like, you may start using them to fill the design on your scratch art paper. Note: Do not to scratch off all of the Black color, you need to leave some black for this project to work. When you are finished you can even use your toothpick or paper clip end to write your name on the bottom of it.  



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